Nissan Skyline: a brief history
In April 1957, Prince Motor Company introduced the first Skyline automobile. When it was released, it was marketed as a luxury car. The first Skyline came equipped with a 1.5-liter 1482cc GA-30 engine and was capable of a top speed of 87 mph.
In 1958, the Skyline was updated with the addition of four headlights and a slightly altered 1.5-liter GA-4 overhead valve engine. This engine was manufactured until 1961. The Prince Skyline models were available in both four-door sedans and five-door station wagons / estates. In the early 1960s, the Skyline was also available in what was called the Skyline Sport package, this model featured hand-built bodies in coupe and convertible versions and was powered by a 1,9-liter 1862cc GB-30 engine.
Then in 1961, Fuji Precision Industries changed its name to Prince, this was done due to the 1954 merger. Prince then released the S50 series of Skylines. These vehicles were considered the second generation in Skyline history. The S50 series became one of the most sought-after vehicles in Japan. They were powered by a G-1 engine, which was a revised version of the previous GA-4.
Nissan and Prince merged in 1966, allowing the S50 to appear with the distinctive Nissan Prince Skyline. Production of the S50 series continued until 1967 when the S50E-3 was introduced. This same model could be found under four different badges, the Prince Skyline, the Prince A150, the PMC A150 or the Nissan A150.
1967 saw an update to the Skyline model once again, this version was dubbed the S57 and came equipped with a G15 1.5-liter 1487cc overhead camshaft engine. In its day, the G15 was known as the most powerful engine in its class.
In 1968, Nissan introduced the C10 series of Skylines, which were equipped with either the G15 engine or a 1.8-liter G18.
The first in the Nissans GT-R range of skylines was introduced in 1969. This version came equipped with a S20 1998cc 2.0-liter six-cylinder twin overhead cam engine. The original GT-R started out as a sedan, but a coupe version was added in 1970. The GT-r versions came stripped of everything that was considered unnecessary in order to make them as light as possible for racing.
1971 saw the introduction of the KGC10 2000GT-X Skyline. These models received a 1998cc 2.0-liter L20 in-line 6-cylinder engine. This was originally released in a two-door coupe version, but in 1972 a four-door sedan version labeled GT-X joined the lineup.
1972 saw the arrival of the Nissan Skyline GT-R hardtop. But this model only lasted until the first quarter of 1973. Nissan ceased production when the oil crisis forced many people to consider buying inexpensive vehicles and avoiding high-performance vehicles. At the same time, Nissan withdrew from motor racing circuits, thus eliminating the need for what was then considered the high-performance standout of its day. This was to be the last Skyline GT-R for 16 years until the brand was revived in 1989.
The next generation of Skylines were the C110 versions that began production in 1972. They were sold under the insignia of the C110, GC110, Datsun K-series, Datsun 160K, 180K and 240K. The C110 series was the first in its production line to feature the round taillights that became typical in later Skyline designs. This line remained in production until 1977.
After 1977, Nissan continued to divide the Horizon range into entry-level four-cylinder and six-cylinder models. These were known as the C210 series from Skylines. The GT-XE was introduced with a turbocharged L20ET engine. In early versions, a unique design aspect of turbocharged engines was that they did not have an intercooler and did not have any type of exhaust valve. Also, the T designation at the end of the L20ET engine code does not mean it is a turbo, the T actually stands for twin carburettors.
In 1981 the R30 series was launched. There were a total of 26 variations of the R30 available at the time, mixing body styles and engines so people could get exactly the vehicle they wanted: disc brakes, upgraded interior trim, new exterior bumpers, smoked taillights, and mounted rear view mirrors. at the gates.
Also in 1981 the 2000RS model was introduced, this version was initially marketed as a lightweight and simplified racing version. These models are equipped with a FJ20E dual overhead camshaft engine.
In 1983, the 2000RS-Turbo got a marked performance improvement with the addition of the FJ20ET engine. The front brakes were upgraded to larger units to cope with the increased power available.
In 1984 even more changes were made with the addition of an intercooler, recently revised compression ratios, and a new turbocharger exhaust casing. These were also available in manual and automatic transmission variants.
In 1986 we saw the introduction of the R31 Skyline, it was considered to be the seventh generation of the Skyline line. The R31 had many new innovations with additional technologies and features. The engine’s fuel and ignition system was made more advanced with the addition of the NICS (Nissan Induction Control System) injection system which increased low-end performance.
One of the latest versions of the R31 was the HR31 GTS-R with RB20DET-R technology. this variant only had 800 units built. This amount allowed Nissan to enter the vehicle on the touring car racing circuit. The vehicle itself had a much larger than normal turbocharger and was housed in a tubular exhaust manifold that was included, as well as a much larger front-mounted intercooler that increased horsepower across the board.
In 1989 we saw the debut of the HCR32 Skyline, which was available in a sedan or coupe body style and all other body styles were scrapped. The R32, as it would become known, was powered by different versions of the Nissans RB engine line. Improvements were made to the cylinder heads and the then obsolete NICS injection system was replaced by the introduction of the ECCS (Electronic Concentration Control System) induction system.
1989 also saw the return of the GT-R, these new models came equipped with two ceramic turbochargers, electronically controlled all-wheel drive, and all-wheel steering. The GT-R also had larger brakes, a larger intercooler, and widened front and rear wheel arches.
In 1993 the R33 horizon was introduced. This was slightly heavier than previous versions and all models now used a six-cylinder engine. With the launch of this, the Skyline could no longer be considered a compact car as the exterior dimensions grew out of that bracket compared to other manufacturers, but this did not stop consumers from wanting one.
In 1996, the R33 received the addition of standard driver and passenger side airbags. The turbo versions also received a nylon compressor wheel. The R33 was produced until 1998 and the model was retired with its 40th anniversary R33 Series 2.
Also in 1996 the GT-R was improved. Changes such as the aerodynamics of the turbocharger, intercooler and turbo wastegate were revised. A limited number of special edition NISMO 400R GT-Rs were produced. These featured an engine tuned for the road and a getrag gearbox that has proven to be stronger than previous offerings.
In 1998 the R34 model was introduced. These were equipped with a fuel-efficient engine that was also aimed at being more environmentally friendly. This engine, the RB20DE-NEO, became the most fuel efficient in-line six-cylinder engine to date.
The GT-R reappeared in 1999. The newer version saw changes to the chassis, the addition of ball bearings to the turbo core compared to a solid bearing and a new six-speed getrag gearbox.
In 2007 a new version of the GT-R was introduced. Nissan now decided to separate the GT-R from the normal Skyline line and make it a standalone model. This version was first released to the public in 2008. The vehicle maintains its heritage by continuing to use the chassis code CBA-R35 or simply R35.
1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963
S50 Series- 1960, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968
C10 Series- 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972
C110 Series- 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977
Series C210-1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981
- 2.0L-LD20 DIESEL
- DIESEL 2.8L-LD28
R30 Series- 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985
Series R31- 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989
- DIESEL 2.8L-RD28
Series R32- 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
Series R33- 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998
R34- 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Series
Series V35- 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006